Plaque psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder characterized by red and scaly patches appearing on the skin, especially on elbows, knees, and nails. In plaque psoriasis, too many skin cells are formed which causes these cells to accumulate on the skin surface. According to an estimate by an institute related to skin diseases, about 6.7 million citizens are affected with plaque psoriasis. The scaly and red patches are thick and cause an intense itching, pain, burning sensation, irritation and continuous scratching of the affected area which may cause skin infection.
Classification of plaque psoriasis
Plaque psoriasis is classified on the basis of the severity of the disease and the percentage area of the body affected by it. It can be mild (less than 3% body is affected), moderate (between 3-10% body area is affected), and severe (when more than 10% body is affected).
Home remedies for plaque psoriasis
This skin condition can be treated at home. A few plaque psoriasis remedies are listed below:
- Natural remedies
One natural plaque psoriasis remedy is the use of topical treatment which provides relief from constant itching. These treatments also soothe the skin and reduce the redness. Several commonly used natural remedies are applying aloe vera on the affected area, use of diluted apple cider vinegar, and soaking the skin in Epsom salt for about 15 minutes.
- Hydrocortisone cream
The use of topical steroids such as 1% hydrocortisone cream is a safe plaque psoriasis remedy and reduce mild symptoms of plaque psoriasis. However, it is advisable to use it after consulting a doctor.
Sunlight is an extremely effective plaque psoriasis remedy. The affected person can take a sunbath without causing a sunburn. The ultraviolet rays of the sun, UVB rays, reduces the rapid skin growth. Moreover, sunlight causes the formation of vitamin D which reduces inflammation in the body.
It is one of the best known anti-inflammatory and antioxidant herbs. It reduces the levels of inflammation-causing molecules like Tumour Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF), thus helping in reducing the symptom of psoriasis.
- Tea tree oil
This oil is an excellent antiseptic ointment and helps in relieving the scalp psoriasis. But importantly, some people may be allergic to it, hence a precaution must be taken before using it.
Plaque psoriasis is a painful autoimmune disorder of the skin. Several natural and home remedies are available to reduce the irritation and pain of the skin. One may start using a plaque psoriasis remedy depending on skin sensitivity and consultation with a doctor.